font-style: italic; font-size: 2.28em; Please view on a device that supports Adobe Flash Player. The answer lies in the interplay of genetic and environmental factors in brain development.

We begin with a thumbnail sketch of brain anatomy, followed by a closer look at neurons and synapses, the brain’s communication specialists. Communication between neurons involves complex electrical and chemical processes, but its basics can be outlined simply: When a neuron (let’s call it Neuron A) receives a chemical signal from another neuron, Neuron A becomes electrically charged in relation to the surrounding fluid outside its membrane.

As a result, Neuron B develops an electrical charge, the charge travels down its axon, and the process continues.2, Now that we’re a little more familiar with the fundamentals of the brain, let’s take a look at brain development in children. Gilmore JH, Lin W, Prasatwa MW, et al. This section of the brain controls all the motor activities of a child.
width: 24px; Folic acid is highly stressed as a vital nutrient for a pregnant woman to include in her diet. font: normal normal bold 1.45em/1.1em Arial;margin-bottom: 5px; padding-right: 0; padding-left: 0; While the answer in itself is quite astounding, there are many factors that you need to be aware of to understand your baby’s brain development better. During the second year, there is a major increase in the rate of myelination, which helps the brain perform more complex tasks.

.form-group h2 { .form-item-submitted-field-enroll-date-of-birth label.control-label{ The information on this website is of a general nature and available for educational purposes only and should not be construed as a substitute for advice from a medical professional or health care provider. padding-right: 5px; .sg-efb-section .webform-client-form input, .sg-efb-section .webform-client-form textarea{font-size: 10px;} .sg-efb-section .webform-client-form { There is a microscopic gap – the synaptic cleft – between the axon terminal of one neuron and the dendrite of another. } bottom: 8px; Holmboe K, Pasco Fearon RM, Csibra G, et al. padding-right: 0; 2005;28:377-401.

Brain & Development. .sg-efb-section .webform-client-form{ top: 100px;} width: 33.18586789554531%; Washington, DC 20037.


It should be kept in mind that the relationship between brain structure and function is never simple. Appearing during prenatal development, these folds increase the surface area of the cerebral cortex and allow more of it to be “packed” inside the skull.

The most active period of neuron proliferation takes place during the middle of the second trimester, when 250,000 neurons are created every minute. In the seventh month, a process called myelination begins in which a dense, fat-based substance forms along the connections between neurons, allowing signals to pass between them with increasing speed. Most of the structural features of the brain appear during the embryonic period (about the first 8 weeks after fertilization); these structures then continue to grow and develop during the fetal period (the remainder of gestation).19,20, The first key event of brain development is the formation of the neural tube. padding-left: 0; width: 48%; padding: 10px 0; width: 50%;} Effective Tips for Bottle Feeding Premature Infants padding-top: 35px; Farroni T, Massaccesi S, Menon E, et al. .sg-efb-section .webform-client-form .efb-form .webform-container-inline .form-type-select .bootstrap-select ul.dropdown-menu li {

A Window to the World: Early Language and Literacy Development, Podcast .sg-efb-section .webform-client-form .efb-form label.control-label:before {

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