[58][59] While it is often difficult to collect accurate statistical data on migrant floating populations, the number of migrants is undoubtedly quite large. They also used the river as transportation for goods, people, and more. China-Section 6 A fundamental anomaly in the 1982 statistics was noted by some Western analysts. Also, the policy in force during most of the 1960s and the early 1970s of sending large numbers of high school graduates to the countryside deprived cities of a significant proportion of persons of childbearing age and undoubtedly had some effect on birth rates (see Cultural Revolution (1966–76)). The population pyramid of China (below) from 1950 to 2050(expected) shows the impact of One-Child-only policy that was introduced in 1979 due to the extreme rise in population. In rural areas the day-to-day work of family planning was done by cadres at the team and brigade levels who were responsible for women's affairs and by health workers. In rural areas the country's "barefoot doctors" distributed information and contraceptives to people's commune members. Observers suggested that an accurate assessment of the one-child program would not be possible until all women who came of childbearing age in the early 1980s passed their fertile years. [20], In 2012, for the first time, according to the National Bureau of Statistics in January 2013, the number of people theoretically able to enter the Chinese labor force (individuals aged 15 to 59), shrank slightly to 937.27 million, a decrease of 3.45 million from 2011. Even more fascinating is the fact that the Great Pyramid of Egypt has around 52,900 square meters, the ‘Great Pyramid of China’ exceeds the number with a staggering 202,000 square meters. Population policy

China has been the world's most populous nation for many centuries. Yet until several years after Mao's death in 1976, the leadership was reluctant to put forth directly the rationale that population control was necessary for economic growth and improved living standards. |image4=Buddhism in China (China Family Panel Studies 2012).png|caption4=Buddhism[37]

Analysing the Recent Development of Religious Communities in Contemporary Rural China", "Statistical Communiqué on the 2011 National Economic and Social Development", "China braced for wave of urban migrants", "Chinese urban population 54.77 pct of total", "Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs – Background Note: China", https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, National Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine, National Healthcare Security Administration, China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study, Grasping the large, letting go of the small, China Banknote Printing and Minting Corporation, National Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission, State Administration for Industry and Commerce, China Council for the Promotion of International Trade, All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce, Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area, Mainland and Hong Kong Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement, Mainland and Macau Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement, Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographics_of_China&oldid=987525769, Articles needing additional references from September 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2008, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from September 2019, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Library of Congress Country Studies, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the World Factbook, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uyghurs, Yi, Tujia, Mongols, Tibetan, Buyei, Dong, Yao, Korean, Bai, Hani, Li, Kazakh, Dai, She, Lisu, Gelao, Lahu, Dongxiang, Va, Sui, Nakhi, Qiang, Tu, Xibe, Mulao, Kyrgyz, Daur, Jingpo, Salar, Blang, Maonan, Tajik, Pumi, Achang, Nu, Ewenki, Gin, Jino, De'ang, Uzbeks, Russian, Yugur, Bonan, Monba, Oroqen, Derung, Tatars, Hezhen, Lhoba, Population with permanent residence difficult to define, total: 37.4 years Country comparison to the world: 67th, 0.4% (2017 est.)

China is the most populated country in the world and its national population density (137/km2) is very similar to those of countries like Denmark (excluding Greenland) or the Czech Republic. There is also a serious gender imbalance. The same study showed an average Chinese man weighed 66.2 kilograms (145.9 lbs, or 10 stone 5.9 lbs), up 3.5 kilograms (7.7 lbs) over 10 years, while women were 2.9 kilograms (6.4 pounds) heavier on average at 57.3 kilograms (126.3 pounds, or 9 stone 0.3 lbs). 11 2014. 1. The United States Agency for International Development, however, withdrew US$10 million from the Fund in March 1985 based on allegations that coercion had been used. The data on age-specific fertility and mortality rates provided the necessary base-line information for making population projections. A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. Future challenges for China will be the gender disparity. [56], In 2011 a total of 252.78 million migrant workers (an increase of 4.4% compared to 2010) existed in China. [57] Estimations are that Chinese cities will face an influx of another 243 million migrants by 2025, taking the urban population up to nearly 1 billion people. In Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, portions are completely uninhabited, and only a few sections have populations denser than ten people per km2. According to Chinese government statistics, the crude birth rate followed five distinct patterns from 1949 to 1982. Although a lower 215 million, or 16% said they "believed in the existence" of ancestral spirits. In general, it was very successful in almost all urban areas but less successful in rural areas. The second campaign was particularly successful in the cities, where the birth rate was cut in half during the 1963–66 period. The populations surveyed were those of the provinces of. But the liabilities of a large, rapidly growing population soon became apparent. The 1982 census collected data in nineteen demographic categories relating to individuals and households.

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