The result of those measures is known. Where are his newspapers? While this nation is guilty of the enslavement of three millions of innocent men and women, it is as idle to think of having a sound and lasting peace, as it is to think there is no God to take cognizance of the affairs of men. In the final section of the oration, Douglass addresses the Constitution. The abolitionists and its supporters are led to believe that the founding fathers faced the same odds and situation. speech, he made it known clearly, his detestment for the, Introduction Where may he assemble? "The Nature of Slavery." Douglas enlightened us about the idea of that: knowledge is power, knowledge changes fate, and “it is the only access to freedom”. On septiembre 18, 2020. By . He may work him, flog him, hire him out, sell him, and, in certain contingencies, kill him, with perfect impunity. Douglas provides comparisons between the founding fathers and the abolition movement. He can own nothing, possess nothing, acquire nothing, but what must belong to another. This document was downloaded from Lit2Go, a free online collection of stories and poems in Mp3 (audiobook) format published by the Florida Center for Instructional Technology. When Douglas says the founding fathers fought the oppression of Britain by “Fully appreciating the hardship to be encountered, The Effect Of Chlorine On Water Drinking Water Treatment, Staffing Program For A Public Health Office, Congenital Condition Of Congenital Heart Defects. Edward tried to deceive himself and God, he is a true Christian, but some of his crimes, he is a sinner. Why does Douglass appeal to the Constitution in the last section of the speech? I well remember when my mistress first announced to my master that she had discovered that I could read. That spirit will rise and walk abroad, despite of whips and chains, and extract from the cup of nature occasional drops of joy and gladness. It reduces man to a mere machine. This he does with the force of the law and the sanction of southern religion. First of all, I will state, as well as I can, the legal and social relation of master and slave. He said that "I was ruined, and my value as a slave destroyed; that a slave should know nothing but to obey his master; that to give a negro an inch would lead him to take an ell; that having learned how to read, I would soon want to know how to write; and that by-and-by I would be running away." For the abolitionist group, we can learn from former-slave Frederick Douglas about what they stand for. In 1852, Frederick Douglas was asked to speak at a July 4th celebration. Some like WIlliam Lloyd Garrison view it as a “convent with death.” Other group of mostly lawyers, including WIlliam Seward, are beginning to suggest that within the constitution are the tools to start dismantling slavery. Douglas often give some difficult work. The law gives the master absolute power over the slave. To ensure good behavior, the slaveholder relies on the whip; to induce proper humility, he relies on the whip; to rebuke what he is pleased to term insolence, he relies on the whip; to supply the place of wages as an incentive to toil, he relies on the whip; to bind down the spirit of the slave, to imbrute and destroy his manhood, he relies on the whip, the chain, the gag, the thumb-screw, the pillory, the bowie knife the pistol, and the blood-hound. We will watch this point develop in our readings about Lincoln over the next week. In his 2 thoughts on “ Frederick Douglass and Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 ” On page 13 of his speech, Douglas condemns the passage of the Fugitive Slave Act for nationalizing slavery because it extends the “power to hold, hunt, and sell men, women and children as … Change ), Frederick Douglass and Fugitive Slave Act of 1850. 1851 -- Changes the name of North Star to Frederick Douglass's Paper. But what does this prove? Whether on the coast of Africa, among the savage tribes, or in South Carolina, among the refined and civilized, slavery is the same, and its accompaniments one and the same. Even though these two men were a great voice. Nature must cease to be nature; men must become monsters; humanity must be transformed; Christianity must be exterminated; all ideas of justice and the laws of eternal goodness must be utterly blotted out from the human soul—ere a system so foul and infernal can escape condemnation, or this guilty republic can have a sound, enduring peace. Frederick Douglass and the Fugitive Slave Law Act (1850) By: MiKayla Williams Thank You Thesis Frederick Douglas was an African American abolitionist who was strongly against the Fugitive Slave Law because being a slave himself he believed that " Slavery has no rightful existence Douglass, F. (1855). Frederick Douglas again supports this comparison through the use of asyndeton. Frederick Douglas would be the ideal person to speak about freedom. This is proven through the use of logos and pathos within Susan B Anthony’s speech, “What to the American Slave is Your 4th of July” by Frederick Douglas, and the photograph Susan B Anthony’s grave. slavery. 1850 -- Publishes an attack on the Compromise of 1850 and the new fugitive-slave law. It will be condemned; and while it is condemned there will be agitation. ""The Nature of Slavery." Extract from a Lecture on Slavery, at Rochester, December 1, 1850." Conscience is, to the individual soul, and to society, what the law of gravitation is to the universe. Without it, suspicion would take the place of trust; vice would be more than a match for virtue; men would prey upon each other, like the wild beasts of the desert; and earth would become a hell. By using the experience Douglas has encountered as a slave, the historical context to support his argument and certain rhetorical devices, Douglass remarks a speech in order for the leading citizens of Rochester to be aware of the, History 1301 Behind Frederick Douglass ' context, Douglass was a former slave who became one of the most successful abolitionist of 19th century. Another view came from a former slave Frederick Douglas who was a leading abolitionist. As the serpent-charmer of India is compelled to extract the deadly teeth of his venomous prey before he is able to handle him with impunity, so the slaveholder must strike down the conscience of the slave before he can obtain the entire mastery over his victim. Its first aim is to destroy all sense of high moral and religious responsibility. Nicholas Cox frederick douglass speech 1850. With his oratorical and literacy appeals, in 1852, Douglass delivered a speech that changed the views of millions over the Fourth of July. Education being among the menacing influences, and, perhaps, the most dangerous, is, therefore, the most cautiously guarded against. I think my audience will bear witness to the correctness of this philosophy, and to the literal fulfillment of this prophecy. It is such a being that is smitten and blasted. There is not a nation on the earth guilty of practices, more shocking and bloody, than are the people of these United States, at this very hour.”. With his oratorical and literacy appeals, in 1852, Douglass delivered a speech that changed the views of millions over the Fourth of July. It is, then, the first business of the enslaver of men to blunt, deaden, and destroy the central principle of human responsibility. He does this by using antithesis when he brings up that “To side with the right, against the wrong, with the weak against the strong, and with the oppressed against the oppressor!” is what the founding fathers had to do in order to fight against the oppression of Britain. Nor is slavery more adverse to the conscience than it is to the mind. He then goes on to inventory the extent of the hypocracy and how America’s “republican politics” and “republican religion” were “flagrantly inconsistent.” He specially takes time to reflected on the 1850 Fugitive Slave Act, which he called: “In glaring violation of justice, in shameless disregard of the forms of administering law, in cunning arrangement to entrap the defenseless, and in diabolical intent, this Fugitive Slave Law stands alone in the annals of tyrannical legislation. It’s been celebrated every year as a country since the adoption of the Declaration of Independence since 1776. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your account. The very accompaniments of the slave system stamp it as the offspring of hell itself. Frederick Douglas from (1817-1895), was one of the most prominent black leaders, did he earn it? The speech “What to a Slave is the Fourth of July?” was spoken, by Frederick Douglas, to the supporters and abolitionists at the Rochester Ladies Anti-Slavery Society of Fourth of July. Using pathos to create an emotional response. Slavery is always slavery; always the same foul, haggard, and damning scourge, whether found in the eastern or in the western hemisphere. Web. Extract from a Lecture on Slavery, at Rochester, December 1, 1850,, Florida Center for Instructional Technology. Frederick Douglass (born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey, c. 1818 – 1895) was an African-American social reformer, abolitionist, orator, writer, and statesman. How infinite in faculties! More than twenty years of my life were consumed in a state of slavery. The true reason or explanation of the matter is this: there is the greatest unanimity of opinion among the white population in the south in favor of the policy of keeping the slave in ignorance. However, it is worth noting that he less directly makes slavery a national issue earlier in his speech. "The Nature of Slavery." There can be no peace to the wicked while slavery continues in the land. For more information, including classroom activities, readability data, and original sources, please visit But ask the slave what is his condition—what his state of mind—what he thinks of enslavement? Extract from a Lecture on Slavery, at Rochester, December 1, 1850," My Bondage and My Freedom, Lit2Go Edition, (1855), accessed November 12, 2020, Where is his freedom of speech? A system of measures to promote this object was adopted a few months ago in congress. The shame and scandal of kidnapping will long remain wholly monopolized by the American congress. Lit2Go Edition. and his right of locomotion? independence from Great Britain. A master is one—to speak in the vocabulary of the southern states—who claims and exercises a right of property in the person of a fellow-man. Finally, Douglas became a brave man, Edward is just a useless owner. The slave is a man, "the image of God," but "a little lower than the angels;" possessing a soul, eternal and indestructible; capable of endless happiness, or immeasurable woe; a creature of hopes and fears, of affections and passions, of joys and sorrows, and he is endowed with those mysterious powers by which man soars above the things of time and sense, and grasps, with undying tenacity, the elevating and sublimely glorious idea of a God. In Frederick Douglas’s 4th of July speech, he claims: “There is not a nation...guilty of practices more...bloody” (Source C). He is still the master of his own body, and can say with the poet, "The hand of Douglass is his own." I answer: a day that reveals to him, more than all other days in the year, the gross injustice and cruelty to which he is the constant victim.

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