[citation needed], A full-sized coconut weighs about 1.4 kg (3.1 lb). According to University of Asia and the Pacific’s (UA&P) industry report The Coconut Industry: Local and Global Perspectives, coconut water is one of the fastest-growing beverage categories in the global market, increasing by 154 percent per year on volume and 159 percent per year on value during the past 10 years. [86] The annual rainy season known locally as khareef or monsoon makes coconut cultivation easy on the Arabian east coast. [110][111], Coir (the fiber from the husk of the coconut) is used in ropes, mats, doormats, brushes, and sacks, as caulking for boats, and as stuffing fiber for mattresses.

In Vanuatu, coconut palms for copra production are generally spaced 9 m (30 ft) apart, allowing a tree density of 100 to 160 per hectare (40 to 65 per acre). (2009). The only consolation is that the Philippines has vast lands planted to coconut, approximately 3.5 million hectares. Adsule, and S.S. Kadam. Training without Reward: Traditional Training of Pig-tailed Macaques as Coconut Harvesters. However they are mainly present as decoration, and the Australian coconut industry is small; Australia is a net importer of coconut products. "Chapter 12 – Coconut". It is used for cooking various dishes. [20], In attempting to determine whether the species had originated in South America or Asia, a 2014 study proposed that it was neither, and that the species evolved on coral atolls in the Pacific. [62] This figure has been questioned based on the extremely small sample size that forms the basis of the paper that makes this claim. The production of coconuts plays an important role in the economy, with 25% of cultivated land (around 3.56 million hectares) used for coconut plantations and approximately 25 to 33% of the population reliant on coconuts for their livelihood. But alongside areas with many coconut trees are mostly communities where there is poverty and little progress. Half coconut shells are used in theatre Foley sound effects work, struck together to create the sound effect of a horse's hoofbeats. Plants are intolerant of cold weather and prefer copious precipitation, as well as full sunlight. Coconuts are distinct from other fruits because their endosperm contains a large quantity of clear liquid, called coconut water or coconut juice. Coconut butter is often used to describe solidified coconut oil, but has also been adopted as an alternate name for creamed coconut, a specialty products made of coconut milk solids or puréed coconut meat and oil. The industry needs new hybrid coconut trees, which will allow the country to take advantage on the European ban on palm oil stemming from environmental issues. Some dried coconut is purely coconut, but others are manufactured with other ingredients, such as sugar, propylene glycol, salt, and sodium metabisulfite. A dried half coconut shell with husk can be used to buff floors. Bourke, R. Michael and Tracy Harwood (Eds.). The player buys some small balls which are then thrown as hard as possible at coconuts balanced on sticks. Specimens have been collected from the sea as far north as Norway (but it is not known where they entered the water). The process of husk extraction from the coir bypasses the retting process, using a custom-built coconut husk extractor designed by ASEAN–Canada Forest Tree Seed Centre in 1986. [24], The palm produces both the female and male flowers on the same inflorescence; thus, the palm is monoecious. These have much lower fat content and are suitable as milk substitutes. Research into countermeasures to these pests has as of 2009[update] yielded no results; researchers from the Kerala Agricultural University and the Central Plantation Crop Research Institute, Kasaragode, continue to work on countermeasures. (1950) Kon-Tiki: Across the Pacific by Raft. Hybrids are still the best option for new coconut planting, as traditional tall varieties bear fruit in about seven years. He took the term from the Arabs, who called it جوز هندي jawz hindī, translating to 'Indian nut'. (1995). Proper planting and spacing is vital, whether you grow the palm for the fruits or as an ornamental tree. [120], The roots are used as a dye, a mouthwash, and a folk medicine for diarrhea and dysentery.

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