Births attended by skilled health staff, Maternal mortality ratio vs. As data systems improve, it will be important to disaggregate by age, geographic location (e.g. People’s Rep. Korea, Serbia, South Africa, St. Lucia, Suriname, Tonga, United States, Venezuela, RB Zimbabwe. It may also highlight inadequate nutrition and general health of women and reflect the lack of fulfillment of their reproductive rights resulting in repeated and poorly spaced pregnancies. The maternal mortality ratio is a key performance indicator (KPI) for efforts to improve the health and safety of mothers before, during, and after childbirth per country worldwide. Has country already reached SDG target on maternal mortality? The list of countries with a comparison of this KPI in 1990, 2000 and 2015 are: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. It is not to be confused with the maternal mortality rate, which is the number of maternal deaths (direct and indirect) in a given period per 100,000 women of reproductive age during the same time period. But according to Sustainable Development Goals report 2018,[3] the overall maternal mortality ratio has declined by 37 percent since 2002. We aim to accelerate joint learning and help to overcome the compartmentalization of technical and policy work by promoting integrated approaches to the interconnected economic, social, and environmental challenges confronting the world. The maternal mortality ratio is the annual number of maternal deaths from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes) during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, per 100,000 live births per year. [2] The yearly report started in 1990 and is called Trends in Maternal Mortality. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages, Goal 05. Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMRatio) By expressing maternal deaths per live birth, rather than per woman of reproductive age, the MM Ratio is designed to express direct or indirect obstetric risk: *100000 Births MD MMRatio where MD is the number of maternal deaths in a … the obstetric risk. Interactive visualization requires JavaScript. Explore more SDSN publications on data, monitoring & accountability. Complete vital statistics registration systems are the most reliable data source, but these are rare in developing countries so household surveys are often used. 500 are women. 3.1 by 2030 reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births, Goal 03. See WHO website on maternal and perinatal health. 400 are women of reproductive age. So maternal mortality rate is the key feature to improve the health of mothers and have a check on their health before child birth and after it. The maternal mortality rate is the number of maternal deaths in a population divided by the number of women of reproductive age. [2] As of the 2015 data published in 2016, the countries that have seen an increase in the maternal mortality ratio since 1990 are the Bahamas, Georgia, Guyana, Jamaica, Dem. Our World in Data is free and accessible for everyone. Our World In Data is a project of the Global Change Data Lab, a registered charity in England and Wales (Charity Number 1186433). Learn more about the Indicator Report and the Indicator web platform. Explore the proposed SDG Global Monitoring Indicators arranged by target. This KPI was used for the Millennium Development Goals from 2000 to 2015 and is part of the Sustainable Development Goals. The ratio does not capture deaths during pregnancy or the puerperium, which may be due to complications from pregnancy or delivery, as rate does, which is why we suggest measuring both. Nearly 303,000 women died due to complications during pregnancy. You have the permission to use, distribute, and reproduce in any medium, provided the source and authors are credited. It is also a MDG indicator. Underlying Cause of Death 1999-2016 on CDC WONDER Online Database, released December, 2017. Maternal mortality rate: the number of maternal deaths (direct and indirect) in a given period per 100,000 women of reproductive age during the same time period. Accessed at, Maternal Mortality and Morbidity Task Force, List of countries by infant and under-five mortality rates, List of countries by maternal mortality ratio, Maternal Mortality Ratio vs Maternal Mortality Rate, Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births), Senate Bill 495, 83rd Legislature, Regular Session, 2013, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maternal_mortality_ratio&oldid=987397683, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Least developed countries: UN classification, This page was last edited on 6 November 2020, at 19:39. With an exceptionally high mortality ratio compared to other U.S. states, the government of Texas created the Maternal Mortality and Morbidity Task Force in 2013.[4][5]. The maternal mortality ratio is 1 out of 10. Often referred to as MMR, it is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). urban vs. rural), and income level.1. Launching a data revolution for the Sustainable Development Goals. Maternal mortality ratio (MDG Indicator) and rate Rationale and definition: The maternal mortality ratio is the annual number of maternal deaths from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes) during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, per 100,000 live births per year. Fertility rate, Maternal mortality vs. Neonatal mortality, Maternal mortality vs. health expenditure over time, Share of births attended by skilled health staff, Share of pregnant women receiving prenatal care, Share of women that are expected to die from pregnancy-related causes, The maternal mortality ratio in 1990 and 2016. MDG5.A: Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births), MDG5.B: Share of pregnant women receiving adequate antenatal care, Maternal mortality ratio vs. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls. Maternal mortality ratio (national estimate, per 100,000 live births) Mortality rate attributed to household and ambient air pollution, age-standardized, male (per 100,000 male population) Prevalence of stunting, height for age, male (% of children under 5) Both metrics are difficult to measure as vital registration and health information systems are often weak in developing countries. This indicator reflects the capacity of health systems to effectively prevent and address the complications occurring during pregnancy and childbirth. Data are from the Multiple Cause of Death Files, 1999-2016, as compiled from data provided by the 57 vital statistics jurisdictions through the Vital Statistics Cooperative Program. The maternal mortality ratio is a key performance indicator (KPI) for efforts to improve the … WHO, UN Population Division (UNPD), UNICEF, and World Bank maintain databases on maternal mortality. The maternal mortality ratio represents the risk associated with each pregnancy, i.e. Complications during pregnancy and childbirth are a leading cause of death and disability among women of reproductive age in developing countries. License: All of Our World in Data is completely open access and all work is licensed under the Creative Commons BY license. Launched by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in August 2012, the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) mobilizes scientific and technical expertise from academia, civil society, and the private sector in support of sustainable development problem solving at local, national, and global scales.

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