©1996-2020 MedicineNet, Inc. All rights reserved. Peyto Stock Tsx, Your sternum is medial to your humerus, and your deltoid (shoulder muscle) is lateral to your pectoral (chest) muscles. For example, in the anatomical position, the most superior part of the human body is the head and the most inferior is the feet. For example, "anterolateral" indicates a position that is both anterior and lateral to the body axis (such as the bulk of the pectoralis major muscle). As a second example, in humans, the neck is superior to the chest but inferior to the head. If you can learn the meaning of at least one of the directional terms in a pair, you can easily know the meaning of the opposing directional term. Additionally, for some animals such as invertebrates, some terms may not have any meaning at all; for example, an animal that is radially symmetrical will have no anterior surface, but can still have a direct that is close to the middle ("proximal") or further from the middle ("distal"). 'left'). Canadian Premier League Players, Ready to test your knowledge? Two specialized terms are useful in describing views of arachnid legs and pedipalps. There is typically no basis for the definition of a third axis. Dorsal. The heart is superior to the stomach. Your fingers (phalanges) would be distal to your wrist bones (carpals). Words For Natural Products, Binibining Pilipinas Fail, [36] For example, the external oblique muscle of the abdomen is deep to the skin. Is Salt Of The Earth A Compliment, [2] Thus, what is on "top" of a human is the head, whereas the "top" of a dog may be its back, and the "top" of a flounder could refer to either its left or its right side. Special terms are used to describe the mouth and teeth. directional terms quiz. Terms used generally derive from Latin or Greek roots and used to describe something in its standard anatomical position. Types Of Conflict In Psychology, For example, it is very confusing to say the dorsal fin of a dolphin is "right of" the left pectoral fin, but is "left of" the right eye, but much easier and clearer to say "the dorsal fin is medial to the pectoral fins". | Nurse Salary Income, 3-Month-Old Baby Development (Smiling, Laughing) & Postpartum Update, Smooth Muscle Tissue Anatomy - Mnemonic, Structure, Contraction, Single-Unit, Multi-Unit, Preschooler Growth Developmental Milestones NCLEX Questions Quiz, Anterior (ventral) and Posterior (dorsal). The palmar fascia is palmar to the tendons of muscles which flex the fingers, and the dorsal venous arch is so named because it is on the dorsal side of the foot. Ano ang pinakamaliit na kontinente sa mundo? In invertebrates, the large variety of body shapes presents a difficult problem when attempting to apply standard directional terms. For example, the mid-clavicular line is used as part of the cardiac exam in medicine to feel the apex beat of the heart. With respect to, or concerning the side in which the backbone is located. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. How Many Inches Of Snow Did Michigan Get, Het e-mailadres wordt niet gepubliceerd. [2] [31] Thus the upper arm in humans is proximal and the hand is distal. Saskatchewan Liberal Party Leader, The next directional pair refers to the position of a structure relative to the body’s surface. ... For example, it is very confusing to say the dorsal fin of a dolphin is "right of" the left pectoral fin, but is "left of" the right eye, but much easier and clearer to say "the dorsal fin is medial to the pectoral fins". [43][44][45] In humans, "cranial" and "cephalic" are used to refer to the skull, with "cranial" being used more commonly. Anatomical lines are used to describe anatomical location. d. ventral A Which direction term is the opposite of anterior? In humans, the neck is located superior to the chest, but inferior to the head. These two terms, used in anatomy and embryology, describe something at the back (dorsal) or front / belly (ventral) of an organism. As opposed to the ventral, or front, of the structure. Varus (from Latin 'bow-legged') and valgus (from Latin 'knock-kneed') are terms used to describe a state in which a part further away is abnormally placed towards (varus) or away from (valgus) the midline.[29].

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