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saturated hydrocarbons undergo relatively slow substitution reactions.


0000192926 00000 n ! Substitution with some rearrangement may also occur; for example, reaction with (t-Bu) 2 PH by heating in toluene yields the phosphido bridged compound (1). 0000000016 00000 n Anation– replacement ofH2O by ligand X-(anion) ML5H2O + X-ML5X + H2O N.B. 6 0 obj Lecture 6: Substitution Reaction 1 Substitution Reaction The vast majority of the reactions that we will encounter involve nucleophiles and electrophiles. /Height 155 endstream endobj startxref 0000006008 00000 n

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0000005807 00000 n • As we will see, there are many reactions, depending upon the particular electrophile, they all use the same

3 0 obj Free radical substitution reaction pdf Chapter 4: Alcohol and Alkyl Halides Radical Replacement Mechanism Unlike the vast majority of reactions that you will see in your organic chemistry course, radical mechanisms require that fish curly arrows that represent the movement of … /Length 7 0 R /Type /ExtGState

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endstream endobj 114 0 obj <> endobj 115 0 obj <> endobj 116 0 obj <>stream %PDF-1.4 0000004956 00000 n x�b```"?6��B cg`a�X�� ��5L7&n��%PޮV��P�C6�h�x�x��HG���MiW7��v���v���F�a��E�����"��?�S�H��^�,�ĻW�gy���^�i���U�ύPÂզi. 0000005005 00000 n SCH 102 Dr. Solomon Derese 6 III. SUBSTITUTION AND ELIMINATION REACTIONS s ubstitution reactions involve the replacement of one atom or group (X) by another (Y): We already have described one very important type of substitution reaction, the halogenation of alkanes (Section 4-4), in which a hydrogen atom is re- placed by a halogen atom (X = H, Y = halogen).

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Cyclohexane, which contains only carbon-carbon single bonds, must undergo a substitution reaction, replacing a hydrogen atom with a bromine atom. 0000008647 00000 n 0000163153 00000 n 0000162929 00000 n stream 7) When a nucleophile encounters an electrophile, a reaction can occur. Reaction Mechanisms for Octahedral Substitution ML5X + H2O ML5H2O + X ii. 0000092630 00000 n respect to substitution reactions. 0000003695 00000 n trailer 0000192133 00000 n

0000067454 00000 n 0000001850 00000 n /CreationDate (D:20200929220620+03'00') Examples. In both SN2 and SN1 reactions, a nucleophile is attacking an electrophile, giving a substitution reaction. 0000005054 00000 n 150 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<3D7EED142AE13A40A5D30410497F94B7>]/Index[113 51]/Info 112 0 R/Length 144/Prev 440082/Root 114 0 R/Size 164/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream 0000005103 00000 n 0 Cyclohexene, which contains one double bond, will undergo a fast addition reaction, adding two bromine atoms to the double bond.

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